(Latin = Civettictis civetta, Afrikaans = Siwet Kat, Tswana = Tsaparangaka)
- Numbers: Low
- Weight: 9 – 13 kg (18 –31 lb.)
- Shoulder height: 40 cm (16 in.)
- Pregnancy time: 57 – 63 days
- Cub/Pup quantity : Up to 4
The Civet has short, dense fur that is a greyish colour, with black spots arranged in rows along their bodies. Their face is solid grey except for a white muzzle and black markings around the eyes that lead down the face.
The Civet has an omnivorous diet that includes insects, fruit, birds, reptiles, frogs, fish, crabs, carrion and eggs. It is primarily nocturnal and spends the day sleeping in dense vegetation. Poultry and young lambs are also sometimes taken.
Females are polyestrous and are able to have two or three litters a year. Female Civets normally give birth to one to four young. The young are born in advanced stages compared to most carnivores.
Favored habitats include woodland, savanna, and mountain biomes and, above all, tropical rainforest. Females can have up to three litters per year. African Civets live both in the forest and in open country, but they seem to require a covering of tall grasses or thicket to provide safety in the daytime. They rarely can be found in arid regions of Africa. Instead, they are usually found close to permanent water systems. It seems to use a permanent burrow or nest only to bear young. It is nocturnal and almost completely terrestrial but takes to water readily and swims well.
These guys are best hunted at night, and you will need a couple of nights to do so. The best caliber will be a .375 with a solid point. Shot placement will be just behind the shoulder if possible, otherwise centre of mass. A shotgun is also very effective and a good option to have with you when hunting Civet.