(Latin = Loxodonta africana, Afrikaans = Afrikaanse olifant, Tswana = Tlou)
- Numbers: Fairly high
- Weight: Up to 6570 kg (14 454 lb.)
- Shoulder height: 4 meters (160 in.)
- Pregnancy time: 660 days
- Calf quantity: Up to 2, mostly 1
The African Elephant is the largest living terrestrial animal. Their upper lip and nose form a trunk. The trunk acts as a fifth limb, a sound amplifier, and an important method of touch. Elephants use their trunk for smelling, breathing, detecting vibrations, caressing their young, sucking up water, and grasping objects.
While feeding, Elephants use their trunks to pluck at leaves and their tusks to tear at branches. They can eat up to 450 kilograms (992 lb.) of vegetation per day.
The gestation period is 22 months and they give birth to one calf. Twins are very rare.
African elephants are found in Eastern, Southern, Central, and West Africa, in dense forests, Mopani and miombo woodlands, Sahelian scrub or deserts.
A .375 is the legal minimum caliber, but there will be no room for error in your shot placement if it is your weapon of choice. Hunt this ‘big fellow’ with the largest rifle you can shoot, 40 and even 50 caliber rifles. The Elephant is one of the Big 5, making it an extremely dangerous animal to hunt. This will definitely be one of the most challenging hunts of your life, and while taking an Elephant you could easily find yourself surrounded by hundreds of Elephant, and I can assure you, a tree will not work as a cover.