(Latin = Hippopotamus amphibius, Afrikaans = Seekoei, Tswana = Kubu)

  • Numbers: Fairly high
  • Weight: 1500 – 2005 kg (3300 – 4411 lb.)
  • Shoulder height: 150 cm (60 in.)
  • Pregnancy time: 330 – 346 days
  • Calf quantity: 1


The Hippopotamus is a massive, semi-aquatic mammal with a mass of up to 2, 5 tons. The Hippopotamus is typically a slate brown colour to muddy brown, with purplish hues often visible.


The Hippopotamus is strictly a vegetarian. They require a large amount of energy and therefore need a food source that is in rich supply. Its diet consists mainly of terrestrial grasses and they may eat up to 68 Kg of grass a night. At dusk, Hippopotamuses leave the water and sometimes walk as far as 8km inland to graze on short grass, which is their main form of sustenance.


Their gestation period is 8 month. A mother typically gives birth to only one calf, although twins also occur.


The 2 essential requirements of a hippo is water deep enough to submerge in and a good supply of grassland nearby.


They account for more human deaths on the African continent than all of the other members of the Big Five. Because they spend most of their time in the water it can be hard to determine if it is a trophy or not (males are shot as trophies). As always, the .375 should be considered as the minimum caliber, but consider one of the 40 calibers or even larger in a double rifle if at all possible. When it is in the water the triangular indentation just above the eyes is your aim point. A shot placed here will penetrate the brain. On land, a shot to the shoulder should anchor it.