Hyena – Spotted
(Latin = Crocuta crocuta, Afrikaans = Gevlekte Hiëna, Tswana = Phiri)
- Numbers: Fairly high
- Weight: 49 – 80 kg (108 – 176 lb.)
- Shoulder height: 80cm (32 in.)
- Pregnancy time: 110 days
- Pup quantity: Up to 4
The Spotted Hyena is well known for its macabre chuckle or “laugh”, which is an indispensable sound of the African bush at night. The spotted Hyena is yellow with dark spots and round ears.
They prey on other animals and their young. A pack of hyenas would drive lions off their kill to gain access to the spoils. However, clans of hyenas are also formidable hunters and are more than capable to take care of their nourishment requirements.
Young may be born at any time of the year. The gestation period is 3-4 months, and there are usually 2 young per litter.
They prefer dry savannas, open plains, and semi-arid scrub. Extinct over most of South Africa except in central savannah and Skukuza in the Kruger and Kalahari Gemsbok National Parks, Northern Province, and the northern regions of KwaZulu-Natal.
The best caliber to hunt spotted hyena would be 7 mm Rem Mag, 7 mm-08, 8 X 64 Breneke, 308, 30-06 or any of the 300 calibers, and of course, a 45-70 will be more than sufficient. The general rule of thumb is to place the shot directly on the shoulder slightly lower than one-third of the way up from the start of the chest to the top of the back. Such a shot should lead to a high heart shot while still penetrating both lungs.