(Latin = Hippotragus niger , Afrikaans = Swartwitpens, Tswana = Kwalata)

  • Numbers: Low
  • Weight: 180 – 230 kg (396 – 506 lb.)
  • Shoulder height: 135 cm (54 in.)
  • SCI: 52 and a half in.
  • Rowland Ward: 55 ⅜ in.
  • Females horns? Yes


The Sable is a large and handsome antelope. Sable are characterized by shiny black coats with white underparts and white facial markings. Cows and young are dark brown in colour. Both sexes have long horns, which are ridged, and which curve backwards.


This is a grazer of climax vegetation, which crops grass at a relatively high level off the ground. Their diet consists predominantly of grass.


After a gestation period of 270 days they give birth to single calves.


They prefer open savannah woodlands or moist vleis, in which they select for medium height, good quality grass cover.


Sable are most active during early mornings and late afternoons, and drink water at mid-day. Ambush them at drinking places. Do not be under gunned when hunting Sable. Just like the Roan, the .300 caliber and up is your best choice. The side-on presentation calls for the high heart/lung shot directed straight up the foreleg about one third into the body. Because of the size and aggressive nature of this beautiful antelope, hunting sable can be an interesting endeavor. Be sure to use enough gun, shoot straight and this coveted trophy will be yours!